Overland Journeys: Northern Trail

CaracasAngel FallsMount Roraima

Tucked away in the north of the continent away from the main tourist trails of South America, Venezuela is a hidden gem with some of the most spectacular natural scenery in this part of the world. The table mountain, or tepui, landscape of eastern Venezuela makes for some extraordinary destinations including the world's highest waterfalls at Angel Falls and the trek to the 'Lost World' of Mount Roraima. Further west, the plains of Los Llanos have some of the best wildlife spotting opportunities in South America amidst a landscape of cowboys and cattle ranches akin to the Wild West. Venezuela is also a great destination for those seeking adventure and adrenaline thrills with excellent white-water rafting, paragliding and more. Explore in depth highlights of Venezuela.

Travel Information for Venezuela
Time zone:GMT -4.5 (Venezuela standard time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Spanish
Currency: bolivar fuerte (VEF)

1 = Bs11.15, $1 = Bs10.00, £1 = Bs13.29

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.veInternational Dialling Code:    58

For help planning your trip to Venezuela including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Venezuela trip planning page.

Further information on Venezuela

Discover more about Venezuela - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of venezuela

Total area: 912,050 sq km (30,000 sq km under water)

Coastline: 2,800 km (Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea)

Neighbours (border lengths): Brazil (2,200km), Colombia (2,050km), Guyana (743km)

Climate: Tropical climate, warm year round with rainy season from August to November, more moderate temperatures in the highlands.

Highest mountain: Pico Bolivar (La Columna) (5,007m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Venezuela from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldPartly Free -
Democracy IndexHybrid regime 100/167
Economic FreedomRepressed 176/179
Press FreedomDifficult situation 135/179
ILGA LGBT rightsSome rights -
Corruption PerceptionsHigh corruption 161/174
Overall Ranking:    144/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela     Status: Independent Country

Population: 28,868,486 (rank: 45/196)     Density: 31.6 people/sq km (rank: 147/196)

Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%

GDP (PPP): $407.4 billion       GDP per capita: $13,600 (rank: 76/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.