|Time zone:||GMT -8 to -3.5 (6 time zones: (-3.5 to -8))|
|Daylight savings:||GMT +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November|
|Main languages:||English, French|
Canadian dollars (CAD)|
€1 = C$1.00, $1 = C$1.29, £1 = C$1.72
(rates as of Sep 2016)
|Internet Domain:||.ca||International Dialling Code: 1|
For help planning your trip to Canada including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Canada trip planning page.
Further information on Canada
Discover more about Canada - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.
Geography & Natural Features
Total area: 9,984,670 sq km (891,163 sq km under water)
Coastline: 202,080 km (Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean)
Neighbours (border lengths): United States of America (8,893km)
Climate: Climate varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north, with permafrost in places. Winters can be harsh, especially on the prairies where temperatures reach -40C.
Highest mountain: Mount Logan (5,959m)
Freedom & Rights
Summary status and rankings for Canada from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.
|Freedom in the World||Free||-|
|Democracy Index||Full democracy||7/167|
|Economic Freedom||Mostly Free||6/179|
|Press Freedom||Satisfactory situation||8/179|
|ILGA LGBT rights||Broad rights||-|
|Corruption Perceptions||Low corruption||10/174|
Other Data & Links
Status: Independent Country
Population: 34,834,841 (rank: 37/196) Density: 3.4 people/sq km (rank: 190/196)
Ethnic groups: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
Religions: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
GDP (PPP): $1518 billion GDP per capita: $43,100 (rank: 10/195)