Travel Information for Canada
Time zone:GMT -8 to -3.5 (6 time zones: (-3.5 to -8))
Daylight savings:GMT +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Main languages:English, French
Currency: Canadian dollars (CAD)

1 = C$1.00, $1 = C$1.29, £1 = C$1.72

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.caInternational Dialling Code:    1

For help planning your trip to Canada including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Canada trip planning page.

Further information on Canada

Discover more about Canada - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of canada

Total area: 9,984,670 sq km (891,163 sq km under water)

Coastline: 202,080 km (Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean)

Neighbours (border lengths): United States of America (8,893km)

Climate: Climate varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north, with permafrost in places. Winters can be harsh, especially on the prairies where temperatures reach -40C.

Highest mountain: Mount Logan (5,959m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Canada from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldFree -
Democracy IndexFull democracy 7/167
Economic FreedomMostly Free 6/179
Press FreedomSatisfactory situation 8/179
ILGA LGBT rightsBroad rights -
Corruption PerceptionsLow corruption 10/174
Overall Ranking:    9/195

Other Data & Links

Status: Independent Country

Population: 34,834,841 (rank: 37/196)     Density: 3.4 people/sq km (rank: 190/196)

Ethnic groups: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%

Religions: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)

GDP (PPP): $1518 billion       GDP per capita: $43,100 (rank: 10/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.