Pagan was once the capital of a powerful Burmese dynasty from 849 to 1283 AD when it was invaded by the Mongol army of Kubla Khan. The city once contained over 40,000 pagodas and while many of the pointed-topped buildings still adorn Pagan's skyline, there are thousands more that are crumbling archaeological remains, ripe for exploration. Some highlights include Ananda Temple with its golden Buddha statues, Gubyaukgyi Temple which contains an ancient mural of the Buddhas life and Shwezigon Temple, said to house the collarbone and a tooth of the Buddha. Shopping at Nyaung-U market is also a must but don't forget to catch the sunset over Pagan's pagodas.
Travel to Pagan
Organised group tours: Click here to see 21 tours to Burma which may include Pagan.