Travel Information for Somalia
Time zone:GMT +3 (Eastern Africa time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Somali
Other languages:Arabic, English, Italian
Currency: Somali shillings (SOS)

1 = So.690, $1 = So.0.00, £1 = So.823

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.soInternational Dialling Code:    252

For help planning your trip to Somalia including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Somalia trip planning page.

Further information on Somalia

Discover more about Somalia - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of somalia

Total area: 637,657 sq km (10,320 sq km under water)

Coastline: 3,025 km (Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean)

Neighbours (border lengths): Djibouti (58km), Ethiopia (1,600km), Kenya (682km)

Climate: Principally desert climate. The northeast monsoon (December to February) brings moderate temperatures in north and hot in south, during the southwest monsoon (May to October) it is torrid in the north and hot in the south. Rainfall is irregular and ther are hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons.

Highest mountain: Shimbiris (2,416m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Somalia from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldNot Free -
Democracy IndexNo Data -
Economic FreedomNo Data -
Press FreedomVery serious situation 170/179
ILGA LGBT rightsExtreme discrimination -
Corruption PerceptionsHigh corruption 174/174
Overall Ranking:    195/195

Other Data & Links

Status: Independent Country

Population: 10,428,043 (rank: 84/196)     Density: 16.3 people/sq km (rank: 165/196)

Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Religions: Sunni Muslim

GDP (PPP): $5.9 billion       GDP per capita: $600 (rank: 194/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.