|Time zone:||GMT +3 (Eastern Africa time)||Daylight savings: None|
|Other languages:||Arabic, English, Italian|
Somali shillings (SOS)|
€1 = So.690, $1 = So.0.00, £1 = So.823
(rates as of Sep 2016)
|Internet Domain:||.so||International Dialling Code: 252|
For help planning your trip to Somalia including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Somalia trip planning page.
Further information on Somalia
Discover more about Somalia - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.
Geography & Natural Features
Total area: 637,657 sq km (10,320 sq km under water)
Coastline: 3,025 km (Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean)
Climate: Principally desert climate. The northeast monsoon (December to February) brings moderate temperatures in north and hot in south, during the southwest monsoon (May to October) it is torrid in the north and hot in the south. Rainfall is irregular and ther are hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons.
Highest mountain: Shimbiris (2,416m)
Freedom & Rights
Summary status and rankings for Somalia from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.
|Freedom in the World||Not Free||-|
|Democracy Index||No Data||-|
|Economic Freedom||No Data||-|
|Press Freedom||Very serious situation||170/179|
|ILGA LGBT rights||Extreme discrimination||-|
|Corruption Perceptions||High corruption||174/174|
Other Data & Links
Status: Independent Country
Population: 10,428,043 (rank: 84/196) Density: 16.3 people/sq km (rank: 165/196)
Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Religions: Sunni Muslim
GDP (PPP): $5.9 billion GDP per capita: $600 (rank: 194/195)