Senegal lies on the coast of West Africa and at the crossroads between the Sahara Desert on the north of the country and the tropical West African landscape in the south. Senegal's colonial history is seen in the French architecture of St. Louis, the former capital, and in the disturbing old slave trade centre in Gorée. On the mainland, the capital Dakar shows the vibrant and modern side of Senegal, where the rhythms of West African music can always be heard. Senegal's nature reserves provide excellent wildlife viewing, in particular for birdlife, with some of the best and most important bird sanctuaries in the world including Djoudj, Langue de Barbarie and Saloum Delta National Parks. Explore in depth highlights of Senegal.
|Time zone:||GMT 0 (Greenwich mean time)||Daylight savings: None|
|Other languages:||Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka, Peul, Serer, Dioula|
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
€1 = CAF655, $1 = CAF0.00, £1 = CAF781
(rates as of Sep 2016)
|Internet Domain:||.sn||International Dialling Code: 221|
For help planning your trip to Senegal including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Senegal trip planning page.
Further information on Senegal
Discover more about Senegal - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.
Geography & Natural Features
Total area: 196,190 sq km (4,190 sq km under water)
Coastline: 531 km (Atlantic Ocean)
Climate: Tropical climate with hot and humid conditions. The rainy season from May to November has strong southeast winds while the dry season from December to April is dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind.
Highest mountain: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha (581m)
Freedom & Rights
Summary status and rankings for Senegal from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.
|Freedom in the World||Free||-|
|Democracy Index||Flawed democracy||74/167|
|Economic Freedom||Mostly Unfree||106/179|
|Press Freedom||Noticeable problems||70/179|
|ILGA LGBT rights||No rights||-|
|Corruption Perceptions||Medium corruption||69/174|
Other Data & Links
Full name: Republic of Senegal Status: Independent Country
Population: 13,635,927 (rank: 72/196) Density: 69.5 people/sq km (rank: 111/196)
Ethnic groups: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
GDP (PPP): $27.72 billion GDP per capita: $2,100 (rank: 161/195)