The tiny islands of Sao Tome and Principe lie in the Gulf of Guinea just off the West African coast. Colonised by the Portugese, their influence is still evident in the 16th century architecture of Sao Tome town, the country's capital, and the old colonial plantations. Sao Tome offers visitors a unique blend of African and Portugese culture as well as some beautiful landscapes in Obo Natural Park, culminating in the heights of Pico de Sao Tome. Explore in depth highlights of Sao Tome and Principe.

Travel Information for Sao Tome and Principe
Time zone:GMT 0 (Greenwich mean time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Portuguese
Currency: dobras (STD)

1 = Db24505, $1 = Db21961, £1 = Db29205

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.stInternational Dialling Code:    239

For help planning your trip to Sao Tome and Principe including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Sao Tome and Principe trip planning page.

Further information on Sao Tome and Principe

Discover more about Sao Tome and Principe - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of sao_tome_and_principe

Total area: 1,001 sq km (0 sq km under water)

Coastline: 209 km (Gulf of Guinea)

Neighbours (border lengths): No land borders

Climate: Tropical climate with hot and humid conditions and one rainy season between October and May.

Highest mountain: Pico de Sao Tome (2,024m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Sao Tome and Principe from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldFree -
Democracy IndexNo Data -
Economic FreedomMostly Unfree 136/179
Press FreedomNo Data -
ILGA LGBT rightsLimited rights -
Corruption PerceptionsMedium corruption 76/174
Overall Ranking:    92/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe     Status: Independent Country

Population: 190,428 (rank: 177/196)     Density: 190.2 people/sq km (rank: 49/196)

Ethnic groups: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

Religions: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)

GDP (PPP): $0.421 billion       GDP per capita: $2,200 (rank: 158/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.