Overland Journeys: Himalayan Frontiers

Blessed with one of the best locations in the world, Nepal is a hugely popular travel destination. Its prime attraction is its setting amidst the Himalayas Mountains, with several of the world's highest peaks within its borders. This makes Nepal one of the great trekking locations in the world, ranging from short and comfortable treks to scaling great mountains and visiting the famous Everest Base Camp, all with stunning views of the Himalayan peaks. Aside from trekking, Nepal has a diverse and fascinating cultural heritage in the Kathmandu valley and the Himalayan hills, with many historic Buddhist and Hindu temples. The Chitwan National Park also offers some of the best wildlife viewing in Asia, with rhinos, elephants and tigers of particular interest. Explore in depth highlights of Nepal.

Travel Information for Nepal
Time zone:GMT +5.75 (Nepal standard time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Nepali
Other languages:Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Magar, Maithali, Newar, Tamang, Tharu
Currency: Nepalese rupees (NPR)

1 = Rs121, $1 = Rs108, £1 = Rs144

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.npInternational Dialling Code:    977

For help planning your trip to Nepal including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Nepal trip planning page.

Further information on Nepal

Discover more about Nepal - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of nepal

Total area: 147,181 sq km (4,000 sq km under water)

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Neighbours (border lengths): China (1,236km), India (1,690km)

Climate: Climate varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south. Nepal has two main seasons, the October to May dry season and the June to September monsoon.

Highest mountain: Mount Everest (8,850m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Nepal from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldPartly Free -
Democracy IndexHybrid regime 105/167
Economic FreedomMostly Unfree 152/179
Press FreedomNoticeable problems 103/179
ILGA LGBT rightsLimited rights -
Corruption PerceptionsHigh corruption 126/174
Overall Ranking:    114/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal     Status: Independent Country

Population: 30,986,975 (rank: 41/196)     Density: 210.5 people/sq km (rank: 40/196)

Ethnic groups: Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)

Religions: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)

GDP (PPP): $42.06 billion       GDP per capita: $1,500 (rank: 173/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.