Iran is a country with a history that stretches back for millenia with the great Persian empire of the first millenium BC and invasions by Greeks, Mongols, Arabs and Turks leaving a myriad of influences on the nation's culture. The ruins at Persepolis and Pasargadae are hugely impressive remnants of the Persian Empire that are some of the great historical monuments in the world. Iran today is defined by its strong adherence to Islam and boasts some spectacular mosques and Islamic shrines, particularly in the beautiful city of Esfahan. But the heritage of other religions are also evident in the Armenian Christian monasteries in the north and the ancient Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd. Explore in depth highlights of Iran.
|Time zone:||GMT +3.5 (Iran standard time)||Daylight savings: None|
|Other languages:||Turkic, Kurdish, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, Turkish|
Iranian rials (IRR)|
€1 = IRR33589, $1 = IRR0.00, £1 = IRR0.00
(rates as of Sep 2016)
|Internet Domain:||.ir||International Dialling Code: 98|
For help planning your trip to Iran including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Iran trip planning page.
Further information on Iran
Discover more about Iran - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.
Geography & Natural Features
Total area: 1,648,000 sq km (12,000 sq km under water)
Coastline: 3,180 km (Caspian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf)
Climate: Most of Iran has an extreme continental climate with very hot summers and cold winters and little rainfall throughout. Subtropical climate along the Caspian Sea coast with hot, humid summers and wet winters. Coastal areas around the Persian Gulf are not all year round.
Highest mountain: Kuh-e Damavand (5,671m)
Freedom & Rights
Summary status and rankings for Iran from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.
|Freedom in the World||Not Free||-|
|Democracy Index||Authoritarian regime||158/167|
|Press Freedom||Very serious situation||171/179|
|ILGA LGBT rights||Extreme discrimination||-|
|Corruption Perceptions||High corruption||136/174|
Other Data & Links
Full name: Islamic Republic of Iran Status: Independent Country
Population: 80,840,713 (rank: 18/196) Density: 49 people/sq km (rank: 129/196)
Ethnic groups: Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
Religions: Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%
GDP (PPP): $987.1 billion GDP per capita: $12,800 (rank: 80/195)