Overland Journeys: Malay Peninsula

Indonesia is a sprawling archipelago of over 17,000 islands in southeast Asia, over 6,000 of which are uninhabited. The beach resorts of Bali are package holiday central, but a careful selection of destinations in Bali or nearby Lombok can transport you to an island paradise with some of the best diving and snorkelling around. Elsewhere, Indonesia's culture and history can be explored on the fascinating island of Java, home to sultan's palaces, ancient Hindu and Buddhist temples and a thriving cultural scene in cities like Yogyakarta. Indonesia has numerous volcanoes spread out on its islands with Lombok's Mount Rinjani perhaps offering the best trekking opportunity. Indonesia also offers some of the most unique wildlife experiences in the world - Sumatra is one of only two homes of the orangutan, while Komodo Island gets you close to the huge and aggressive lizards for which it's famous. Explore in depth highlights of Indonesia.

Travel Information for Indonesia
Time zone:GMT +7 to +9 (3 time zones: Indonesian time west (+7), central (+8), east (+9))
Daylight savings:None
Main languages:Indonesian
Other languages:English, Dutch, Javanese
Currency: Indonesian rupiah (IDR)

1 = Rp0.00, $1 = Rp13210, £1 = Rp17567

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.idInternational Dialling Code:    62

For help planning your trip to Indonesia including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Indonesia trip planning page.

Further information on Indonesia

Discover more about Indonesia - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of indonesia

Total area: 1,919,440 sq km (93,000 sq km under water)

Coastline: 54,716 km (Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean)

Neighbours (border lengths): Malaysia (1,782km), Papua New Guinea (820km), Timor-Leste (228km)

Climate: Tropical climate with hot, humid conditions but more moderate in highlands. Rainy season between April and November. Prone to tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanoes.

Highest mountain: Puncak Jaya (5,030m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Indonesia from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldPartly Free -
Democracy IndexFlawed democracy 49/167
Economic FreedomMostly Unfree 105/179
Press FreedomDifficult situation 136/179
ILGA LGBT rightsNo rights -
Corruption PerceptionsMedium corruption 107/174
Overall Ranking:    104/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Republic of Indonesia     Status: Independent Country

Population: 253,609,643 (rank: 4/196)     Density: 132.1 people/sq km (rank: 63/196)

Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

GDP (PPP): $1285 billion       GDP per capita: $5,200 (rank: 129/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.