Overland Journeys: Silk Road

Georgia is a country of outstanding natural beauty located right at the edge of Europe to the east of the Black Sea and beneath the Caucasus Mountains. It is a country with a long and fascinating history and one steeped in myths and legend. Like its neighbour Armenia, Georgia adopted Christianity in the 4th century and the country is filled with ancient and impressive churches and monasteries in spectacular locations. The elaborate cave towns of Uplistikhe and Varzdia and the towerhouses of the Upper Svaneti add to its historical heritage. Add to that the charming and well preserved capital of Tbilisi and the Georgia's reputation for hospitality, good food and wine and you've got a great travel destination. Explore in depth highlights of Georgia.

Travel Information for Georgia
Time zone:GMT +4 (Georgian standard time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Georgian
Other languages:Abkhaz, Armenian, Azeri, Russian
Currency: laris (GEL)

1 = GEL2.55, $1 = GEL2.29, £1 = GEL3.00

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.geInternational Dialling Code:    995

For help planning your trip to Georgia including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Georgia trip planning page.

Further information on Georgia

Discover more about Georgia - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of georgia

Total area: 69,700 sq km (0 sq km under water)

Coastline: 310 km (landlocked)

Neighbours (border lengths): Armenia (164km), Azerbaijan (322km), Russia (723km), Turkey (252km)

Climate: Climate varies with landscape. Subtropical in the Black Sea coastal region hot summers, cool winters and high rainfall year round. Hot summers and cold winters in the east. Mountain regions are warm and clear in the summer and very cold in the winter with heavy snowfall.

Highest mountain: Mt'a Shkhara (5,201m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Georgia from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldPartly Free -
Democracy IndexHybrid regime 81/167
Economic FreedomMostly Free 22/179
Press FreedomNoticeable problems 68/179
ILGA LGBT rightsSome rights -
Corruption PerceptionsLow corruption 50/174
Overall Ranking:    54/195

Other Data & Links

Status: Independent Country

Population: 4,935,880 (rank: 120/196)     Density: 70.8 people/sq km (rank: 109/196)

Ethnic groups: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)

Religions: Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

GDP (PPP): $27.3 billion       GDP per capita: $6,100 (rank: 123/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.