Eritrea is one of Africa’s least visited and newest countries, having recently gained independence from Ethiopia. Like its neighbour, Eritrea’s attractions include centuries old Orthodox churches and remnants of the old Axumite Empire. The effect of Italian occupation is more strongly felt however, in a country where African, Arab and European influences combine to make a unique and fascinating destination, well off the beaten tourist track. Explore in depth highlights of Eritrea.
|Time zone:||GMT +3 (Eastern Africa time)||Daylight savings: None|
|Main languages:||Afar, Arabic, Tigre, Kunama, Tigrinya|
€1 = Nfk0.00, $1 = Nfk0.00, £1 = Nfk0.00
(rates as of Mar 2011)
|Internet Domain:||.er||International Dialling Code: 291|
For help planning your trip to Eritrea including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Eritrea trip planning page.
Further information on Eritrea
Discover more about Eritrea - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.
Geography & Natural Features
Total area: 121,320 sq km (0 sq km under water)
Coastline: 2,234 km (Red Sea)
Climate: Three climactic zones - hot, dry desert coastal plains, semiarid and fertile western lowlands and cool, wet central highlands with heaviest rainfall between June and September.
Highest mountain: Soira (3,018m)
Freedom & Rights
Summary status and rankings for Eritrea from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.
|Freedom in the World||Not Free||-|
|Democracy Index||Authoritarian regime||155/167|
|Press Freedom||Very serious situation||178/179|
|ILGA LGBT rights||No rights||-|
|Corruption Perceptions||High corruption||166/174|
Other Data & Links
Full name: State of Eritrea Status: Independent Country
Population: 6,380,803 (rank: 105/196) Density: 52.5 people/sq km (rank: 124/196)
Ethnic groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
GDP (PPP): $4.72 billion GDP per capita: $1,200 (rank: 180/195)