Overland Journeys: Silk Road

Azerbaijan is a country at the crossroads between east and west and located on the old trans-Caucasus and Silk Road trading routes. It was the centre of the Zoroastrian religion attracting fire worshippers before adopting Islam. Its complex history stretches back millennia and signs of it can be seen in the beautiful Old City in the capital Baku and in the northern town of Sheki. Azerbaijan attracts few tourists so a trip here, either directly to the country or as part of a Silk Road trip, will take you well off the beaten track. Explore in depth highlights of Azerbaijan.

Travel Information for Azerbaijan
Time zone:GMT +4 (Azerbaijan standard time)
Daylight savings:GMT +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Main languages:Azerbaijani
Other languages:Armenian, Lezgi, Russian
Currency: Azerbaijani manats (AZN)

1 = mah1.82, $1 = mah0.00, £1 = mah2.17

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.azInternational Dialling Code:    994

For help planning your trip to Azerbaijan including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Azerbaijan trip planning page.

Further information on Azerbaijan

Discover more about Azerbaijan - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of azerbaijan

Total area: 86,600 sq km (500 sq km under water)

Coastline: 713 km (Caspian Sea)

Neighbours (border lengths): Armenia (787km), Georgia (322km), Iran (611km), Russia (284km), Turkey (9km)

Climate: Hot summers and mild winters but can be cold with heavy snowfalls at high altitude. April to October is the best time to visit.

Highest mountain: Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Azerbaijan from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldNot Free -
Democracy IndexAuthoritarian regime 148/167
Economic FreedomModerately Free 85/179
Press FreedomVery serious situation 160/179
ILGA LGBT rightsLimited rights -
Corruption PerceptionsHigh corruption 126/174
Overall Ranking:    158/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Republic of Azerbaijan     Status: Independent Country

Population: 9,686,210 (rank: 91/196)     Density: 111.8 people/sq km (rank: 72/196)

Ethnic groups: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)

Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.)

GDP (PPP): $102.7 billion       GDP per capita: $10,800 (rank: 90/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.