Travel Information for Afghanistan
Time zone:GMT +4.5 (Afghanistan time) Daylight savings:    None
Main languages:Dari, Pashto
Other languages:Balochi, Pashai, Turkmen, Uzbek
Currency: afghanis (AFN)

1 = AFN74.54, $1 = AFN66.80, £1 = AFN88.00

(rates as of Sep 2016)

Internet Domain:.afInternational Dialling Code:    93

For help planning your trip to Afghanistan including visas, vaccinations, currency exchange, flights, accomodation and insurance, see our Afghanistan trip planning page.

Further information on Afghanistan

Discover more about Afghanistan - the country's geogrpahy and natural features, an assessment of its status on freedom and rights and data on the country's population and economy.

Geography & Natural Features

Map of afghanistan

Total area: 647,500 sq km (0 sq km under water)

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Neighbours (border lengths): China (76km), Iran (936km), Pakistan (2,430km), Tajikistan (1,206km), Turkmenistan (744km), Uzbekistan (137km)

Climate: Climate is arid to semi-arid with cold winters and hot summers.

Highest mountain: Nowshak (7,485m)

Freedom & Rights

Summary status and rankings for Afghanistan from classifications of different organisations measuring political and economic freedom, democracy and civil rights. See more details of these rankings.

Freedom in the WorldNot Free -
Democracy IndexAuthoritarian regime 151/167
Economic FreedomNo Data -
Press FreedomDifficult situation 120/179
ILGA LGBT rightsNo rights -
Corruption PerceptionsHigh corruption 172/174
Overall Ranking:    185/195

Other Data & Links

Full name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan     Status: Independent Country

Population: 31,822,848 (rank: 40/196)     Density: 49.1 people/sq km (rank: 128/196)

Ethnic groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Religions: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

GDP (PPP): $45.3 billion       GDP per capita: $1,100 (rank: 184/195)

Information derived from the CIA World Factbook. Other country profiles: BBC News.